Last posting,I’m moving…

All of the postings in this blog starting from posting 1 until posting 6 are done as course requirement for SKBP 1023 Language and ICT under the supervision of Ass. Prof. Datin Dr. Norizan Abdul Razak.



Online Language Testing

Online Literature Material

Computer mediated communication(CMC).Do U know what is it?

Handkerchief?Do u have one?

Smooth And softy handkerchief

handkerchief (also called handkercher or hanky) is a form of a kerchief, typically a hemmed square of thin fabric that can be carried in the pocket or purse, and which is intended for personal hygiene purposes such as wiping one’s hands or face, or blowing one’s nose. A handkerchief is also sometimes used as a purely decorative accessory in a suit pocket.This link will give you more information about handkerchief.


p/s:All of this information is just a fake.i make it only for my tutorial activity but go and get one handkerchief!


What is NetSpeak? Netspeak is a phrase coined by David Crystal (Crystal, D. 2001). It is the name given to the type of communication used in chatrooms and in messaging software such as msn messenger. It is utilised due to the nature of text taking longer to type than say. Plus it is sometimes very difficult to determine the tone of voice used by someone communicating through text. A new way to communicate was required that would be faster to type and could also be manipulated to include feeling to the words. The new language being NetSpeak. This language uses a combination of abbreviations (including words created using digits as well as alphabetic characters), acronyms and emoticons. Abbreviations and acronyms are used to speed up the typing of messages. Abbreviations The following is a list of examples of the types of abbreviations used: * u = you * ur = your *
  • brb: be right back
  • cu : See you
  • gtg : got to go
  • btw : by the way
This is David Crystal.Do u know?

‘Netspeak’ doing more good than harm to English language, experts say | (KRT) Many schoolteachers, editors and parents profess to be horrified by “Netspeak” – the distinctive language that young people are using more and more to talk with each other on the Internet.

Purists should relax, a panel of experts declared at a recent symposium on “Language on the Internet” in Washington. This rapidly spreading digital dialect of English is doing more good than harm, they contended.

“The Internet is fostering new kinds of creativity through language,” said David Crystal, a historian of language at the University of Wales in the United Kingdom. “It’s the beginning of a new stage in the evolution of the written language and a new motivation for child and adult literacy.”

Netspeak is the language of computerized instant messages, Web logs (or “blogs”), chat rooms and other informal types of electronic communication. It also pops up in wireless jottings on hand-held devices such as BlackBerries and cell phones.

Some examples are “cu” for “see you,” “bfn” for “bye for now” and “lol” for “laughing out loud.” A popular feature is a colon followed by a space and a parenthesis to make a “smiley face” to brighten up a message – like this 🙂 – or a sad face like this : (. To give a hug, the writer types ((((name)))).

Critics object that Netspeak ignores or violates the usual rules of punctuation, capitalization and sentence structure. It’s peppered with strange abbreviations, acronyms and visual symbols. Its spelling can be, well, different.

Professional linguists say not to worry. They claim that Netspeak has become a third way – in addition to traditional speech and writing – for people to communicate with one another. It brings freshness and creativity to everyday English, they say. It’s even reviving the almost lost art of diary keeping.

“The Internet has permitted language to evolve a new medium of communication, different in fundamental respects from traditional conversational speech and from writing,” Crystal said.

Even Netspeak enthusiasts acknowledge that young people need to learn how to speak and write proper English to get ahead in school, hold a job or write official documents.

“Children have to be taught about their language,” Crystal said. “They have to learn about the importance of standard English as a medium of educated communication.”

As it’s used on the Internet, Netspeak has some features of both spoken and written English. But even though it’s typed on a keyboard, scholars say it’s closer to how we talk than to how we write.

Here are some common expressions and their Netspeak abbreviations and acronyms:

Bye for now: bfn

Be right back: brb

See you: cu

For what it’s worth: fwiw

In my humble opinion: imho

In real life: irl

Laughing out loud: lol

Oh I see: oic

On the other hand: otoh

Thanks in advance: tia

Great minds think alike: gmta

A wink: 😉

Parents looking over shoulder: plos

Like conversational speech, it uses short, back-and-forth statements, sometimes consisting of single words. Its vocabulary is relatively small. It’s relaxed about the rules of grammar. The smiley faces and other so-called “emoticons” help compensate for the lack of face-to-face contact.

Instant messaging, or IM, “looks more like speech than it does like writing,” said Naomi Baron, a linguistics professor at American University in Washington who analyzed more than 2,100 such conversations at her university.

It’s become “a mainstay of online communication, especially among teenagers and young adults,” she said. The exchanges often involved multiple partners at the same time, much like a group conversation in a room.

The college students Baron studied usually were doing something else – listening to music, watching TV, talking on the telephone, writing memos or letters on the computer – while they were exchanging instant messages.

Contrary to purists’ fears, only 171 of the 11,718 words she collected were misspelled – less than 2 percent. Unusual abbreviations and symbols were relatively rare. The most common was the letter “k” standing for “OK.”

Another branch of Netspeak is blogs, periodic messages posted on the World Wide Web, usually with the latest entry on top. Blogs range from individual journals to accounts of presidential campaigns. Many of them allow visitors to leave comments, which can lead to a community of readers centered on the blog.

Blogs are “already providing evidence of a new genre of diary writing, which a few years ago was though to be dying out as a literary domain,” Crystal said.

Crystal took issue with “prophets of doom” who complain that new technology is corrupting the language, as other critics did when printing was introduced in the 15th century, the telephone came along in the 19th century and broadcasting took off in the 20th. In fact, the Greek philosopher Plato said more than two millennia ago that talking was more important than writing.

Thanks to the Internet, the language’s “resources for the expression of informality in writing have hugely increased, something which hasn’t been seen in English since the Middle Ages, and which was largely lost when standard English came to be established in the 18th century,” Crystal said.

“Rather than condemning it, we should be exulting in the fact that the Internet is allowing us to once more explore the power of the written language in a creative way,” he added.

So far, Netspeak is mainly a dialect of English. More than 90 percent of the conversations on the Internet in Europe are conducted in English, said Susan Herring, a researcher at Indiana University, Bloomington.

“For the foreseeable future, English will be the lingua franca of the Internet,” she said.

But foreign variants of Netspeak are cropping up, especially in Japan. According to Herring, Japanese use emoticons – called kaomoji, meaning “face marks” – more than Americans do.

Males and females differ in their use of Netspeak, as they do in spoken English.

“Men are more likely to engage in sarcasm, sexual humor and swearing than women,” said Simeon Yates, an expert on computer communication at Sheffield Hallan University in Sheffield, England.

“Conversely, women are more likely to offer support, to be affectionate or to use emotion,” he said.

Internet conversations between females lasted much longer than between males, Yates reported. Male-female chats tended to be of intermediate length.